Коллекция фарфора и стекла в «Царском Селе» насчитывает более 4500 единиц хранения и включает в себя предметы русского, европейского и дальневосточного производства XVII – ХХ веков. В собрании находятся произведения как исторически связанные с императорской резиденцией и её владельцами, так и приобретенные после 1917 года. (далее…)
Рубрика ‘О Крыме — More about the Crimea.’
В Государственном историческом музее в Москве хранятся уникальные золотые и серебряные изделия, найденные в 1967 году в районе Симферополя в Крыму. Эксперты исследовали сокровища Симферопольского клада и пришли к заключению, что клад состоит из артефактов, изготовленных ювелирными мастерами в XIII — XIV веках. (далее…)
In the VI-V th century ВС ancient Greeks founded Kerkinitida near a bay and salt lakes.
In the IV century BC Kerkinitida was the province of Ancient Chersonesus — the last Greek colony in the Crimea.
In I -III centuries Kerkinitida became a province of the Eastern-Roman Empire.
From the IV century AD the Crimea exposed the raids of nomadic tribes of Gott, Huns, Pechenegs, Khazars, Polovets. From 500 to 1000 AD, Kirkinitida was a small settlement.
Evpatoria is a city of museums.
Local History Museum in Evpatoria was created on February 1, 1921 in the former mansion of the merchant Y.M. Gelelovich, built in 1912 in the Moorish style.
The museum was established in 1921 in the former mansion of the merchant Gegelovych. The building was considered an important monument of architecture and urban development. Later in the same year the “Museum of antiques” was opened to the general public. (далее…)
Ancient Greeks came in the 4th century BC from Miletus on their ships to the Crimean’s shore and built Kerkinitida – the most ancient name of Yevpatoriya.
In the 4th century BC Greeks from Miletus came on the shore of the modern territory of Yevpatoriya. Presumably, one of the leaders in the new settlement was someone called Karkin, after whom the settlement was named. The name was later changed to Kerkinitida. Hecataeus of Miletus, Herodotus, Pliny, and Mela mentioned Kerkinitida in their works. (далее…)
On the territory of Russia Evpatoriya is one of the most ancient cities, with a history lasting more than 25 centuries.
Before Ancient Greeks from Miletus came to the Crimea in 4th century BC there were Scythians tribes raced across the Crimean’s steppe in 8th- 4th century BC. Scythians tribes left a lot of historical monuments called “kurgany” – Scythian graves.
What to see in Evpatoria? There is a very interesting tourist route «Mali Jerusalem» — «Little Jerusalem» in Evpatoria. (далее…)
«Russia needs its paradise,” Prince Grigory Potemkin, Catherine the Great’s general, wrote in 1782 urging the annexation of Crimea, and no wonder.
The Crimean Peninsula, with its voluptuously curved Black Sea coast of sparkling cliffs, is paradise—with Riviera-grade vistas but without Riviera prices. Balmy with 300 days of sun a year (“It is never winter here,” said the writer Anton Chekhov, who had a dacha near Yalta), the place served as the playground of tsars and Politburo of USSR. (далее…)
Nomadic Scythians tribes raced across the Crimean’s steppe in 8th- 4th century BC.
Scythians tribes left a lot of historical monuments called “kurgany” – Scythian graves.
In the Black Sea steppes and now you can meet a lot of stone idols, guarding the silence of Scythian burial mounds, and guarding the gold of the Scythian’s kings. (далее…)
This study identifies and describes 38 branches of the haplogroup R1a STR haplotypes which currently exist in Europe or which migrated from Europe to areas in the east, south, and southeast between 6000 and 4500 years before the present (ybp). The study is based on 2471 haplotypes which have been tested for either 67- or 111-markers; it essentially creates a unified robust system, which assembles dozens of R1a-SNPs and thousands of STRs and assigned haplotypes to branches, some of which do not have SNP assignments as yet. (далее…)
This article aims at reconstructing history of R1a1 ancient migrations between 20,000 and 3500 years before present (ybp). Four thousand four hundred sixty (4460) haplotypes of haplogroup R1a1 were considered in terms of base (ancestral) haplotypes of R1a1 populations and timespans to their common ancestors in the regions from South Siberia and northern/northwestern China in the east to the Hindustan and further west across Iranian Plateau, Anatolia, Asia Minor and to the Balkans in Europe, including on this way Central Asia, South India, Nepal, Oman, the Middle East, Comoros Islands, Egypt, etc. (далее…)
In 1774 there was a small temple St. Nicholas, the patron saint of seafaring and trade, which was built by the Greeks living in the city Evpatoria. (далее…)
This is one of the many broadsides that circulated after FN achieved fame in the Crimean. A broadside was a song or poem printed on a sheet of paper and sold on the street for a very small sum, often about current events.
A poem from the famous English satirical magazine Punch published during the time of the Crimean War, 1854-1856, when Miss Florence Nightingale and her nurses were nursing English Soldiers for the first time in English history. Since this poem is 150 years old, the language, the punctuation, and the spelling may be unfamiliar; you may need to use a dictionary.
The Nightingale’s Song to the Sick Soldier
Listen, soldier, to the tale of the tender nightingale,
‘Tis a charm that soon will ease your wounds so cruel,
Singing medicine for your pain, in a sympathetic strain,
With a jug, jug, jug of lemonade or gruel.
Read more… (далее…)
Maximilian Voloshin at the age of 15 in 1893 visited Koktebel and fell in love with the beautiful land forever. He found the colours to express the Cimmerian landscape of the Crimea in painting and poetry. His house was visited by many famous writers, poets and artists: Veresayev, Alexander Grin, Ilia Erenburg and Alexey Tolstoy.
Maximilian Voloshin gave his own big house to his friends — writers, artists, poets, who visited him in hot summer and mild autumn. Maximilian helped them to keep their health and they lasted their creative work.
Mikhail Bulgakov, best known as the author of `The Master and Margerita’, was invited to come and stay in the house in Koktebel by Voloshin after his first novel `The White Guard’ began to be serialised in the journal «Russia» in 1925. Read more… (далее…)
The museums in Yalta are not numerous but they are very interesting.
One of them is Chekhov’s Museum, it is the house where the great Russian writer lived. Chekhov acquired a plot of land in Yalta in 1898. Chekhov’s house was built according to a project of Russian architect Leonid Shapovalov. It was a house with its mezzanine and side wing.Anton Pavlovich Chekhov lived and worked in this house from 1899 to 1904. He made a good plan for the garden around his house and he planted a lot of trees, bushes, flowers in his garden. There was a silence-corner with the small bench surrounded by lilac bushes and the stream with a small brige over it in Chekhov’s garden. As far as he fond of fishing and he planted bamboo for the fish-rod at the stream in his garden.
Anton Chekhov is “the Pushkin of prose”, spent his last years in Yalta. He worked a lot in his Yalta-house, here were written such a famous works as his story «Lady with Lapdog», the play «Three Sisters» and «The Cherry Orchard», the «Short story in the Ravine», the Stories «A New Summer Home», «The Bride».
When Chekhov was unwell, he worked in his bedroom, the living room also served as the dining room. Chekhov read his plays to the actors of Moscow Art theatre who visited him in Yalta.
The famous Russian writers Lev Tolstoy, Ivan Bunin, Maksim Gorky, Alexander Kuprin, Vladimir Korolenko, artist Isaak Levitan, the famouse Russian singer Feodor Chaliapin sang and Sergey Rachmaninov and Peter Chaykovskiy played the piano in Chekhov’s house.
Each year many tourists visit the Chekhov Museum. They come here to pay tribute to the writer and to get a feeling for the atmosphere surrounded Anton Chekhov. It’s very interesting to see the environment in which Chekhov lived during the last years of his life. (далее…)
During the Crimean war (1853-56) Russian sailing vessels were scuttled at the entrance to the Northern Bay in 1854 and 1855 in accordance with the order of admiral Nakhimovto obstruct the enemy ships the entrance to the roadsteads and so to save Sevastopol». (далее…)
There is a distinctive open-air museum — Glade of Fairy-Tales (“Polyana Skazok”) in Yalta. It was founded by folk artists Pavel Pavlovich Bezrukov in 1960 . The Glade of Fairy-Tales is situated at the foot of Stavry-Kaya cliff (“Cross cliff”) on the right bank of the Vodopadnaya Stream (“Waterfall stream”). There is a wonderful collection of wooden sculptures on fairy-tale theames.
It is an open air museum with a collection of 300 wooden sculptures, the personages of the popular Russian and Ukrainian fairy-tales, Crimean and Greek legends, many beloved cartoons heroes. They were made by 56 professional artists and skilled craftsmen from Yalta, Simferopol, Kiev, Moscow, Pervouralsk (Russia), Vilnus (Litvenia), Erevan (Armenia).
You can see fantastical fairy-tale characters transformed from old stumps, logs or roots.
At the entrance thirty mighty heroes stand on guard defending the rest of the inhabitants of the glade.
A hut on the hen’s feet, a mermaid and a wood sprite, Ivan Tsarevich and the Grey Wolf, the Fire-bird, Baba-Yaga and Kashchey Immortal — these are the figures from Slavic fairy tales which you will meet in the Glade.
Lesoviki — little wood dwarfs — are under the branches of a Crimean oak whispering something to each other. They look funny and amusing! The cracked stump of an old horn-beam tree, gnarled roots and moss helped to make the head of a fairy-tale giant. What a funny Hedgehogs! They look as if they have been made of a whole piece of wood occasionally found in the forest. Listen to them and you will hear a lot of their secrets. (далее…)