Alexander Pushkin in the Crimea.

In August 1820, while in exile, A. Pushkin stayed two weeks in Gurzuf with the Rayevskys’ family. While sailing to Gurzuf he wrote the famous lines of his elegy «The Day Luminary Has Sunk…» Alexander Pushkin admired the scenery of Gurzuf, with poplars like magnificent green columns and huge Ayu-Dag.

Later A.S. Pushkin wrote: «In Yur-zuf I had nothing to do, I bathed in the sea, overate grapes. I liked, awake at night, to listen the noise of the waves — and I had been listening to it for hours. A few steps away from the house a new cypress grew; every day I visited it and felt as if we made friends with it».     Read more… Read more »

Nikita Botanical Garden.

At the Nikitsky Botanical Garden there is an exotic looking site called Martian Cape. Its sides are covered by a little pine forest rising up from a craggy seashore.

This is probably how the Crimea’s seashore near the village of Nikita looked like on June 10, 1811, when an ukase was signed in St. Petersburg decreeting the establishment of the Imperial State Botanical garden in the Crimea.

Its first director was Christian Steven, who arrived in Nikita in July 1812 and worked here till 1827.    More…. Read more »

Crimea in the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945)

On the night of June 22, 1941 unknown planes appeared over Sevastopol. Bomb explosions shook the city. There were first demolitions and casualties. There were also first downed enemy planes… The time was 3:13 a.m. A wartime calendar had come into effect.

Sea mines burst in the city. Nazi pilots used them to block off the ships in the bay so as later to destroy them in air raids but the mines dropped on residential houses instead of the bay.

But blitz failed, however. The Black Sea Fleet under the command of Admiral F.S. Oktyabrsky (1899-1969) was one of the first formations to have faced the enemy attack in an organized manner.  Read more…  Read more »

Sevastopol at the Crimean War 1853 – 1856.

Sevastopol is a city of the wonderful destiny and history.

It was founded in 1783 as a new fortress and got the name of Sevastopol which in Greek means — “a city worth of worship”.

The city has justified its proud name; it has become a symbol of military valor and unexampled heroism. The Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856) was a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of the French, the British, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia. Read more »

The History of the Crimea till 1783.

 

The Crimea has a long and rich history. The most ancient mention of the Crimea in the world literature is that of Homer. The time of creation of his great poem dates back to the IX-VII cc. ВС. These lines from Homer’s «Odyssey» are well known in the historical literature:

«There lies the Cimmerians’ country covered by an eternally Wet fog and shadows of clouds; never shows To people his brilliant face Helios…»

The first written mention of the Crimea occurs in Herodotus (485 — 425 ВС) who visited Olbia in the V century ВС. The «Father of History» reports that » the Tauri tribe inhabits the mountainous country adjoining the sea and jutting out into the Pont as far as the Rocky Peninsula…»

This territory, called Taurica or Taurida, was occupied by the Tauri till the 1st century AD. They were farmers and fishermen, knew pottery and how to cast bronze. The Tauri’s main deity was the Maiden, who personified life.  Read more… Read more »

Animals’ life in the Crimea.

Scientists believe that there may be as many as 30 million different living organisms in the world. About 5000 of them are wide mammals, 8,000 birds, 6,000 — reptiles, 2,000 -amphibians. As for the Crimea, there are about 55 species of wild animals, 300 species of birds, 14 species of reptiles and 6 species of amphibians.

Besides in the fresh water reservoirs dwell 30 species of fish, and 10,000 species of invertebrates. All the mammals are subdivided into orders: Insectivore -6 species, Chiropters -18 species, Rodents — 14 species, Predators — 8 species, Cetaceans — 3 species, Artiodactyls — 4 species.

Distribution of animals in the Crimea is uneven. It is determined by different landscape conditions and the degree of exploration of the territory of the peninsula. The common mammals of the steppe Crimea are the rodents. The harvest mouse, gopher, hamster are active day and night, feeding on a diet of seeds. Their enemies are polecat, marten and fox. Read more…  Read more »

The Crimean endemics.

The natural conditions of the Crimea are rather various.

The seaside slopes resemble the landscapes of many countries: Greece, Italy, Spain and Switzerland.

The higher plants number more than 2400 species, 240(10%) of them are endemics. There are more than 400 species of vertebrates, i.e. having the spinal column, 20 % of them are endemics. All Crimean endemics are listed in the Red Data Book.

In the biological respect the Crimea is an island. The salty littoral of Sivash is an insuperable obstacle for the most of species. So some neoendemics appeared.

Some of the Crimean endemics are still usual species: folded snowdrop, Crimean edelweiss, Crimean finch, black-necked jay, field vole of Iphigenia, Crimean black fox, Crimean carabus, and Crimean rodent. Read more »

The Crimean vegetation.

The Crimean vegetation is determined mainly by its climate which differs across the peninsula. Hot and wet climate supports forests of large trees; a drier climate may support only short grasses.

Vegetation in the Crimea is varied and rich. There are more than 3,000 species of natural and cultivated plants. Their density per sq. km (500 species) is much higher than that in the Mediterranean countries (8,3).

The territory of the Crimea is divided in two unequal parts: the steppe region and the mountain region. In the steppe Crimea, which is the driest part of the peninsula, short grasses, sagebrush, feather grass are the only types of vegetation, which can survive.

Taller grasses grow in areas with slightly more precipitation. These are known as grassland areas. Read more »

The Crimean rivers.

Water is like blood in the vessels of an organism, supports a life. Water has always been a sacramental dream for each nation, especially in warm countries.

The whole world faced a critical shortage of clean, fresh water.

Fresh water makes only 1 % of all the reserve of the earth water

About 97% of the planet’s water is seawater, another 2% is locked in icecaps and glaciers. Vast reserves of fresh water underlie earth’s surface, but much of it is too deep. Read more »

Юбилей в Стране Великанов.

27 марта, в Международный День театра, евпаторийский Народный театр на ходулях отпраздновал свой первый юбилей, своё десятилетие. Read more »

Малый Иерусалим

2018-мал иерусалим

Ниже находится замечательный фильм «Малый Иерусалим».   Вы побываете на интересной экскурсии по средневековой части Евпатории с профессиональным экскурсоводом.

В 2006 году экскурсия по маршруту  «Малый Иерусалим в Евпатории» попала в книгу рекордов Гиннесса, как самая многочисленная экскурсионная группа в мире — на экскурсии одновременно присутствовало 3000 человек.

Весь  Фильм-экскурсия «Малый Иерусалим» длится 45 минут, для удобства просмотра, фильм разделён на части, в которых идёт рассказ о культовых сооружениях  Евпатории на экскурсионном маршруте «Малый Иерусалим»:

Свято-Николаевский собор.
Храм святого пророка Илии.
Синагоги Евпатории.
Караимские кенасы.
Текие дервишей.
Армянская церковь Сурб-Никогайос (Св. Николая)
Мусульманская мечеть.

Желаю вам получить удовольствие от просмотра!
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Бенедиктов, Владимир Григорьевич.

В широком пурпуре Авроры

Восходит солнце. Предо мной

Тавриды радужные горы

Волшебной строятся стеной.

Плывём. Всё ближе берег чудный.

И ряд заоблачных вершин

Всё ближе. У кормы дельфин

Волной играет изумрудной

И прыщет искрами вокруг! Read more »

Свято-Николаевский собор.

sobor

Легко узнаваемый архитектурный силуэт Евпатории со стороны моря составляют три городских храма : греческий храм Святого пророка Илии, мусульманская мечеть Хан-Джами и православный собор Святого Николая. Столь высокие сооружения контрастировали с одноэтажной застройкой города, но в середине 19 века появились двухэтажные здания европейского типа вокруг церквей.

В 1774 году в Гёзлёве существовал небольшой храм Святителя Николая, покровителя мореплавания и торговли, построенный греками, проживающими в городе. Read more »

The Crimean mountains.

The Crimea’s mountain area occupies a quarter of the peninsula. It begins not far from Simferopol, where the plain gradually transforms into foothills. The Crimean Mountains are a part of the Alpine-Himalayan belt of folded mountains.

They are not very high — 1000-1,500 meters above sea level. They extend from East to West for about 150 km along the south coast. The relief of the Crimean mountains consists of three well-defined parallel ridges Southern, Internal and External.

The Southern Ridge runs along the coastline in a close proximity to it. Its altitude is from 580 to 1,500 m while several peaks of Babugan and Chatyr-Dag exceed the mark of 1,500 m.

This ridge begins from the point to the North from Cape Aya («Saint») and extends to the East to Mountain At-Bash («Horse Head»). Then it turns to the North-East and from the Mountain Karatau («Black Mount»)  runs eastward gradually losing its height. In the vicinity of Feodosia it doesn’t exceed 300 m. Read more »

The Flag and the coat of arms of the Crimea.

The Flag of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea is a colour cloth consisting of three horizontal colour strips. The upper blue strip is 1/6 of the width, the middle white strip is 4/6 of the width and the lower red strip is 1/6 of the width of the flag.

The coat of arms of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea represents a silver gryphon on the Varangian shield facing to the right and holding in its right paw an open silver shell with a blue pearl. The shield is crowned with the rising sun and circled by two white columns connected with a blue-white — and red band. On the band there is a motto: «Prosperity in Unity».

The gryphon is a mythological creature, looking like a winged lion with an eagle’s head. It was a symbol of antique town of Chersonesus, Panticapeum and others, and in the course of time, of the cities of Sevastopol and Kerch. Since ancient times the gryphon was embodiment of safeguard qualities. On the Coat of Arms of the Crimea it is depicted like a symbol of a defender of the Republic.

The blue pearl symbolizes the Crimea as a unique part of the planet, unity of all its peoples, religions and cultures. The gryphon is on the background of the Varangian shield — a symbol of trade crossroads. Its red colour symbolizes courage, bravery and valour of the people of the Crimea of all times. The shield is held by two antique marble columns. On the crest there is a rising sun — a symbol of resurrection, warmth, prosperity, light, richness of the gardens, fertility of the land.

The Anthem of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea was composed by A.S. Karamanov.

The anthem is arranged for a choir by T. Kudryavtseva.

Храм святого пророка Илии.


В 1805 году греческой общиной был построен православный Свято-Николаевский собор
, позже, в 1896-1898 году, на его месте был возведён русский православный собор Святого Николая. Со временем греческое население Евпатории увеличилось настолько, что прихожане уже не могли поместиться в одном православном соборе, к тому же греки плохо понимали богослужения, которые велось на русском языке.

В 1901 году по просьбе греческой общины городская Дума выделила участок земли (600 кв. метров) на берегу моря под строительство греческого храма, с условием интенсивной застройки. Греческая община была не богатой и нуждалась в субсидиях. В 1908 году глава греческой общины Василькиоти Ф.И обратился в Думу с просьбой выделить 5000 рублей для строительства храма. Городской голова распорядился ежегодно в течении пяти лет выдавать греческой общине 1000 рублей, за такую помощь греческий король наградил его крестом Св. Спасителя. Строительные работы начались только 6 июня 1911.  В 1917 году евпаторийский мещанин Николаиди  выдал кредит греческой общине 25 тысяч рублей, с условием ежегодного погашения долга, который так и не был погашен.

30 июня 1918 года храм Св. Ильи был освящён и принял православных греческих прихожан.

Храм построен в греко-византийском стиле из ракушечника, украшен декоративными украшениями в виде зубцов. Крестово-купольная постройка строго ориентирована по сторонам света и украшена тройными окнами с цветными витражами.  Арочный центральный вход храма, опирается на две полуколонны и возвышается над полукруглой многоступенчатой папертью.

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