Sevastopol’s Monuments of Glory.

There are many monuments of Glory in Sevastopol. The Monument to the Scuttled Ships became an emblem of Sevastopol

During the Crimean war (1853-56) Russian sailing vessels were scuttled at the entrance to the Northern Bay in 1854 and 1855 in accordance with the order of admiral Nakhimovto obstruct the enemy ships the entrance to the roadsteads and so to save Sevastopol».

in 50 years to commemorate this vital for Sevastopol event, in 1905 a 16,6 meters monument was erected near the former Nikolayev Battery (sculptor Adamson, architect .Feldman, engineerEnberg). 

A square ground rests on the underwater foundation from which rises the pedestal. The pedestal supports a column crowned with a bronze eagle and a garland of Glory.

The Monument to A. I. Kazarsky.

Erected on Seaman Boulevard the Monument to A.I. Kazarsky was Sevastopol’s first memorial. On May 14,1829 during the Russian-Turkish war the Mercury brig with 20 cannons met in the open sea two Turkish battleships having 184 cannons on board. The brig was ordered to surrender at discretion.

The captain of the brig A.I. Kazarsky (1797-1833) summoned a military council and by tradition a junior officer had to speak first. It was navigator Ivan Prokofyev who suggested that they should fight to the last man who had to blow the brig up together with the enemy’s battleships.

The battle had lasted for about four hours. The Mercury brig won the unequal battle against two battleships. There were four seamen killed in action. Soon all the world came to know about the remarkable feat of Russian seamen.

In May 1834 a monument was set up to commemorate the feat of the seamen from the Mercury brig. It is designed by A. Bryullov. The pedestal is crowned with an antique trireme on a cast-iron cube with relief representations of Neptune, Mercury, Nike, the goddess of victory, and A.I. Kazarsky. There is an inscription on the monument: » To future generations as an example».

The Monument to V.A. Kornilov

V.A. Kornilov (1806-1854) was one of the most educated Naval Commanders of his time. He took part in the battle of Navarin in 1827. During the Crimean war 1853-56 he organized the defence of Sevastopol.

On October 5, 1854 Rear Admiral V.A. Kornilov was fatally wounded on the Malakhov Mound. At the place where he was wounded a monument was set up by sculptor I. Shreder after the design by A. Bilderling. The bronze statue of Kornilov is 3 meters high, the commander seems to utter the death -words inscribed on the pedestal: «Do defend Sevastopol!»

The statue of the hero-sailor Peter Koshka(1828-1882) loading the cannon with a ball stands nearer to the pedestal.

The Monument to Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov

Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov (1802-1855) is one of the outstanding Fleet Commanders of Russia. He took part in the battle of Navarin in 1827 where the Russian squadron destroyed the Turkish fleet.

«A sailor is the main motive power aboard the battleship» — Pavel Nakhimov used to say.

In October 1853 when the war with Turkey broke eight battleships under commandment of Pavel Nakhimov blocked 16 battleships of the Turkish squadron under commandment of Osman-pasha in the Sinop bay. Russian seamen fought with courage and skill. The Turkish squadron lost 15 battleships, only one steamship under commandment of the English advisor of the Turkish admiral had a narrow escape. . The Russian squadron lost none of its battleships. It was the last battle of the epoch of the sail fleet.

In October 1854 when V.A. Kornilov was fatally wounded on the Malakhov Mound Pavel Nakhimov became the organizer of defense of Sevastopol. In April 1855 he was promoted to Admiral. In his order on the occasion of the promotion on April 12, 1855 he applied to the sailors: » Sailors! … I am proud of you…» On June 28,1855 Admiral Pavel Nakhimov was fatally wounded on the Malakhov Mound.

In 1898 in commemoration of the 45th anniversary of the Sinop battle a monument to Pavel Nakhimov was unveiled. It was highly artistic creation of sculptor I. Shreder and designer A. Bilderling. Later it was demolished as a monument to «a Tzar’s admiral».

On November 5, 1959 in the same place and on the same pedestal a new monument to the legendary Admiral was set up by sculptor N. Tomsky and architect A. Arefyev.

The Panorama «Defence of Sevastopol in 1854-1855» in May 1905 in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the defense of Sevastopol the Panorama was opened. The subject for its creation was the repulse of the assault on June 6, 1855 by the garrison of Sevastopol. The author of the Panorama was a talented Russian battle painter Franz Alekseyevich Roubeau (1856-1928).

The building of the Panorama erected in 1902-1904 stands on the hill and dominates the city. Inside there is a grandiose canvas 115 meters long and 14 meters high. The panorama was painted from the place on the Malakhov Mound where the monument to Kornilov stood. The heroes on the canvas are the same who were portrayed by Lev Tolstoy in «The Sevastopol Stories»

During the Great Patriotic War the canvas was saved by the defenders of Sevastopol and was evacuated to Novosibirsk, after the war it was restored in Moscow. The restored panorama was reopened on October 16,1954 marking the 100th anniversary of the defense of Sevastopol.

The hero-city of Sevastopol is called a memorial — or a museum-city. At every step you can come across the monuments commemorating the events of the legendary defense of 1854-1855 and 1941-42.

The Museum of the Heroic Defence and Liberation of Sevastopol comprises several museums that are visited by thousands of people.

World-famed is the painted canvas of the «Defence of Sevastopol in 1854-1855 Panoramameasuring 14 meters in height and 115 meters in length and the object plan having a space of 1,000 square meters. It represents one of the days of the city’s heroic defense during the Crimean war.

«The Storming of Sapun Mount on May 7, 1944 Diorama» is devoted to the liberation of Sevastopol. The Memorial Complex to the Participants in the two defenses on Malakhov Mound is of great interest among tourists.

The Chersonesus History and Archeology Preserve is located on the site of one of the ancient centers of ancient Culture — the city of Chersonesus, which was founded by the Greeks in the 5thcentury B.C. The preserve includes also the medieval fortress of Calamita and Chembalo.

A grand monument of the medieval fortification art is the Sudak fortress, which was built in the 14-15th centuries.


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