Posts Tagged ‘history’

Balaclava.

Balaclava («Fish Nest») is a splendid and beautiful 3000 years old town situated in a small cozy bay. The sea coast of the bay were inhabited from the ancient times.

The ancient Greeks who settled here in 422 called it Syumbolon Limpe that is Harbour of Signs or Presage.

The Tauriset fire on the coast to attract the ships sailing by. The ships were robbed and the seafarers had to be sacrifices on Cape Phyolent in the temple of their goddess. It is believed that it was the port of lestrigones Lamosa.

In accordance with mythology the lestrigons were cannibals whom Odysseus and his fellows met during their voyage. (далее…)

City Simferopol.

Simferopol is the administrative, industrial and cultural centre of the Crimea since 1784 but the locality was populated from time immemorial. It is situated in a vast hollow between the Outer and Inner Ridges of the Crimean mountains, on the banks of the Salghir River.

In the 4th century the Scythians built the capital of their kingdom, Scythian Neapolis, on a high plateau, and it existed six centuries.

In the early 16th century, a Tartar settlement of Ak-Mechet -“White Mosque” appeared on the left bank of the Salghir River. It became the residence of the Crimean Khan’s heir.

According to the plan of 1842 a maze of curvilinear streets of Ak-Mesdjit was left to the southeast of the main street(now Kirov Avenue), and to the north and west of it rectangular blocks began to appear.

An April 8, 1783 the Manifesto of the annexation of the Crimea was declared.

Istanbul recognized the act of annexation on June,10, 1783.

Since 1783 the Crimea was the Russian Land. Read more… (далее…)

Lesia Ukrayinka in the Crimea.

The name of Lesia Ukrayinka went down in historv of the Ukrainian literature equally with the names of т Shevchenko and I. Franko.  Lesia Ukrainka’s poems were written in the Crimea. Lesia Ukrayinka lived in Yalta, Yevpatoria, Saki Balaclava and visited Bakhchisarai. 

For the first time she came to Yalta in 1888 when she was 17. In Yalta she created a series of poems «Travelling to the Sea» and «The Crimean Memoirs».

In January 1897 Lesia Ukrayinka again came to Yalta. The young poetess writes her first dramatic work «Iphigenia in Tauris».

In 1907-1908 Lesia Ukrayinka the third time came to the Crimea. She lived in Balaclava, Yalta and Yevpatoria.            Read more… (далее…)

Alexander Pushkin in the Crimea.

In August 1820, while in exile, A. Pushkin stayed two weeks in Gurzuf with the Rayevskys’ family. While sailing to Gurzuf he wrote the famous lines of his elegy «The Day Luminary Has Sunk…» Alexander Pushkin admired the scenery of Gurzuf, with poplars like magnificent green columns and huge Ayu-Dag.

Later A.S. Pushkin wrote: «In Yur-zuf I had nothing to do, I bathed in the sea, overate grapes. I liked, awake at night, to listen the noise of the waves — and I had been listening to it for hours. A few steps away from the house a new cypress grew; every day I visited it and felt as if we made friends with it».     Read more… (далее…)

Nikita Botanical Garden.

At the Nikitsky Botanical Garden there is an exotic looking site called Martian Cape. Its sides are covered by a little pine forest rising up from a craggy seashore.

This is probably how the Crimea’s seashore near the village of Nikita looked like on June 10, 1811, when an ukase was signed in St. Petersburg decreeting the establishment of the Imperial State Botanical garden in the Crimea.

Its first director was Christian Steven, who arrived in Nikita in July 1812 and worked here till 1827.    More…. (далее…)

Crimea in the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945)

On the night of June 22, 1941 unknown planes appeared over Sevastopol. Bomb explosions shook the city. There were first demolitions and casualties. There were also first downed enemy planes… The time was 3:13 a.m. A wartime calendar had come into effect.

Sea mines burst in the city. Nazi pilots used them to block off the ships in the bay so as later to destroy them in air raids but the mines dropped on residential houses instead of the bay.

But blitz failed, however. The Black Sea Fleet under the command of Admiral F.S. Oktyabrsky (1899-1969) was one of the first formations to have faced the enemy attack in an organized manner.  Read more…  (далее…)

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