Posts Tagged ‘Photo Gallery’

Nikita Botanical Garden.

At the Nikitsky Botanical Garden there is an exotic looking site called Martian Cape. Its sides are covered by a little pine forest rising up from a craggy seashore.

This is probably how the Crimea’s seashore near the village of Nikita looked like on June 10, 1811, when an ukase was signed in St. Petersburg decreeting the establishment of the Imperial State Botanical garden in the Crimea.

Its first director was Christian Steven, who arrived in Nikita in July 1812 and worked here till 1827.    More…. (далее…)

Animals’ life in the Crimea.

Scientists believe that there may be as many as 30 million different living organisms in the world. About 5000 of them are wide mammals, 8,000 birds, 6,000 — reptiles, 2,000 -amphibians. As for the Crimea, there are about 55 species of wild animals, 300 species of birds, 14 species of reptiles and 6 species of amphibians.

Besides in the fresh water reservoirs dwell 30 species of fish, and 10,000 species of invertebrates. All the mammals are subdivided into orders: Insectivore -6 species, Chiropters -18 species, Rodents — 14 species, Predators — 8 species, Cetaceans — 3 species, Artiodactyls — 4 species.

Distribution of animals in the Crimea is uneven. It is determined by different landscape conditions and the degree of exploration of the territory of the peninsula. The common mammals of the steppe Crimea are the rodents. The harvest mouse, gopher, hamster are active day and night, feeding on a diet of seeds. Their enemies are polecat, marten and fox. Read more…  (далее…)

The Crimean endemics.

The natural conditions of the Crimea are rather various.

The seaside slopes resemble the landscapes of many countries: Greece, Italy, Spain and Switzerland.

The higher plants number more than 2400 species, 240(10%) of them are endemics. There are more than 400 species of vertebrates, i.e. having the spinal column, 20 % of them are endemics. All Crimean endemics are listed in the Red Data Book.

In the biological respect the Crimea is an island. The salty littoral of Sivash is an insuperable obstacle for the most of species. So some neoendemics appeared.

Some of the Crimean endemics are still usual species: folded snowdrop, Crimean edelweiss, Crimean finch, black-necked jay, field vole of Iphigenia, Crimean black fox, Crimean carabus, and Crimean rodent. (далее…)

The Crimean mountains.

The Crimea’s mountain area occupies a quarter of the peninsula. It begins not far from Simferopol, where the plain gradually transforms into foothills. The Crimean Mountains are a part of the Alpine-Himalayan belt of folded mountains.

They are not very high — 1000-1,500 meters above sea level. They extend from East to West for about 150 km along the south coast. The relief of the Crimean mountains consists of three well-defined parallel ridges Southern, Internal and External.

The Southern Ridge runs along the coastline in a close proximity to it. Its altitude is from 580 to 1,500 m while several peaks of Babugan and Chatyr-Dag exceed the mark of 1,500 m.

This ridge begins from the point to the North from Cape Aya («Saint») and extends to the East to Mountain At-Bash («Horse Head»). Then it turns to the North-East and from the Mountain Karatau («Black Mount»)  runs eastward gradually losing its height. In the vicinity of Feodosia it doesn’t exceed 300 m. (далее…)

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